Music

12 Selected Songs

Kai Normann Andersen (1900-1967)
He became widely known in 1922 Se tidslinje

By Finn Gravesen, writer and editor, 2006

Probably the most whistled danish composer in modern times 

The headline is a comment by modern historian Paul Hammerich on composer Kai Normann Andersen. Quite an accolade for a composer who wrote for the cinema and revue theatre, both of which were extremely active fields of artistic endeavour in Denmark in the 1930s and 40s. 
It was a time when talent popped up all over the place, and the public’s appetite for such entertainment was insatiable. And there was music to satisfy every conceivable mood. Jolly, folksy films and musical comedy brought out the cheerful, funny, rather sentimental side of Kai Normann Andersen - in such numbers as “Come along into the Grove” (“Gaa med i lunden”) and “Have you forgotten” (“Glemmer du”) - lyrics by Boerge & Arvid Mueller - while veritable pearls such as “The Very Last Dance” (“Den Allersidste Dans”) and “Song of the Muse” (“Musens Sang”) - lyrics by Boerge Mueller - written for more soulful, thoughtful films saw him in a very different vein. 

Entertainment with a meaning 

Then there was the revue theatre. On the one side there was the lightweight, superficial summer revue, on the other theatrical revues with a message - and Kai Normann specialised in both styles. Examples of the former genre are such numbers as “Everyone’s going around falling in love” (“Alle gaar rundt og forelsker sig”) and “Come along into the Grove” (“Gaa med i lunden”) - both with lyrics by Boerge Mueller - depicting sweet springtime love in musical terms. But Kai Normann Andersen’s music was at its best when he had something on his mind, when something was up. 
The most famous of his songs from the World War II Nazi occupation is undoubtedly “They tie us down mouth and hand” (“Man binder os paa mund og haand”) from Dyveke(Dyveke) (1940) with lyrics by Poul Henningsen. The double entendre of the text can only really be understood by Danes, so the German censors let it through unknowingly. In the piece, Kai Normann’s tune is precisely as ambivalent as the text - the tango refrain lending both elegance and thought-provoking profundity to the innate seriousness of the song, restoring the original sense of danger to the rather formal bourgeois dance form. Kai Normann also gave the middle class waltz new significance, one of the finest examples being in Poul Henningsen’s 1941 masterpiece “In your short life” (“I dit korte liv”), where the tune gives the song a persistent intensity and strength. 

Liva Weel makes his entrance as Dyveke, surrounded by the muses, in the revue comedy "Dyveke" from 1940, where the song ’Man binder os på hånd og mund’ was introduced. Photo: Scanpix.
Liva Weel; Weel, Liva skuespiller
Kai Normann Andersen at the piano. Photo: Scanpix
Kai Normann Andersen; Normann Andersen, Kai komponist
Popular music

The 12 selected songs

1. Musens sang
2. Den allersidste dans
3. Pige træd varsomt
4. Å hvor jeg, ih, hvor jeg, uh hvor jeg vil
5. I dit korte liv
6. Man binder os på mund og hånd
7. Alle går rundt og forelsker sig
8. Gå ud og gå en tur
9. Glemmer du
10. Titte til hinanden
11. Drømmeland
12. Gå med i lunden

The committee's justification

By the Committee for Music, 2006

Chiefly responsible for the schlager, revue and film songs of the 1930s and 1940s was composer Kai Normann Andersen. He was a great success in his time, noted for his jaunty, lively and always elegant works, a success that continues to this day. Most of his songs have a subtle charm, sometimes with a surprising melodic twist, and listeners never knew what aces the experienced tunesmith had up his sleeve. The schlager tradition within which Kai Normann Andersen chiefly worked came originally from Germany; however, he made it his own with the help of his simple and sometimes almost naive style, which sounded remarkable Danish – not least when he drew inspiration from traditional children’s songs, as in ‘Drømmeland’. 

During the occupation, his music took on a more reflective tone which can be heard in particular in two of his perhaps most popular songs: the gentle protest song against the occupying power ‘Man binder os på mund og hånd’ (1940) and the carpe diem song ‘I dit korte liv’ (1942). Both of these had lyrics by Poul Henningsen, both were performed and recorded by Liva Weel, and both still awaken fond memories. The former was voted one of the top three melodies in 1999 when the readers of national newspaper Berlingske Tidende chose the song of the century, and it was relaunched – though without Kai Normann Andersen’s melody – by hip-hop group Outlandish in 2004. ‘I dit korte liv’ is also found on Kim Larsen’s 2001 album ‘Sange fra glemmebogen’.

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